Be Known To, As, For or By в американском английском

«Be Known To, As, For or By?» в американском английском

Мне часто мне задают вопросы о правильном использовании предлогов «to», «as», «for» и «by» с глаголом «be known» в американском английском. В этой статье мы рассмотрим различные варианты использования этих предлогов с глаголом «be known» и приведем примеры на английском языке.

  1. Be known to: Данный вариант используется, чтобы указать, что кто-то или что-то известно кому-то. Например:
    • «He is known to the whole world for his musical talent.» (Он известен всему миру своим музыкальным талантом.)
    • «This book is known to every literature enthusiast.» (Эта книга известна каждому любителю литературы.)
  2. Be known as: В данном случае, используется для указания на прозвище, имя или название, по которому кто-то или что-то известно. Например:
    • «Michael Jordan is known as the greatest basketball player of all time.» (Майкл Джордан известен как лучший баскетболист всех времен.)
    • «The Eiffel Tower is known as a symbol of Paris.» (Эйфелева башня известна как символ Парижа.)
  3. Be known for: Этот вариант используется для указания на то, за что кто-то или что-то известны или славятся. Например:
    • «She is known for her philanthropic work and charitable donations.» (Она известна своей филантропической деятельностью и благотворительными пожертвованиями.)
    • «The city is known for its vibrant nightlife and entertainment scene.» (Город известен своей яркой ночной жизнью и развлекательной индустрией.)
  4. Be known by: В данном случае, используется для указания на то, кем или чем кто-то или что-то известно. Например:
    • «The Mona Lisa is known by art enthusiasts around the world.» (Мона Лиза известна художественным энтузиастам со всего мира.)
    • «The band is known by their unique sound and energetic performances.» (Группа известна своим уникальным звучанием и энергичными выступлениями.)

Важно помнить, что выбор предлога зависит от контекста и значения, которое вы хотите передать. Практика и чтение различных текстов помогут вам лучше понять и запомнить эти конструкции. Конечно! Вот несколько дополнительных примеров использования фраз «be known to», «be known as», «be known for» и «be known by» в пословицах, переговорках и стихотворениях:


  1. «A wise man is known to have a long tongue, but a fool is known to have a long ear.» (Мудрецу свойственен длинный язык, а глупецу — длинное ухо.) — В этой пословице используется фраза «be known to» для указания на то, что что-то характерно или присуще кому-то.
  2. «A good name is rather to be chosen than great riches.» (Доброе имя лучше великого богатства.) — В этой пословице используется фраза «be known for» для указания на то, чем кто-то известен или славится.


  1. «He is known to be a man of few words.» (О нем известно, что он человек немногословный.) — В этом выражении используется фраза «be known to» для указания на то, что о ком-то известно или известна определенная характеристика.
  2. «She is known as the queen of soul.» (Ее считают королевой соула.) — В этом выражении используется фраза «be known as» для указания на то, как кто-то известен или известен по какому-то имени или прозвищу.


  1. «And miles to go before I sleep, And miles to go before I sleep.» (Robert Frost) — В этом стихотворении используется фраза «be known by» для указания на то, как кто-то известен или узнаваем по своим действиям или характеристикам.
  2. «I am not known to praise the beauty of the world, nor to regret its passing.» (Anna Akhmatova) — В этом стихотворении используется фраза «be known to» для указания на то, что кто-то не известен по какой-то конкретной характеристике.

Надеюсь, что эти дополнительные примеры помогут вам лучше понять использование фраз «be known to», «be known as», «be known for» и «be known by» в различных контекстах.

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Расшифровка текста видеоурока:

Hi everyone. I’m Jennifer from English with Jennifer. Did you know that when I first started on YouTube my channel name was JenniferESL? I later changed it, but even now to some older viewers, I’m known as JenniferESL. It’s interesting to think of all the names we’ve used over our lifetime. Sometimes an official form, like a passport application, will ask us if we’ve ever been known by other names. And this makes sense if we’ve changed our name due to marriage, adoption, or some other life event. Isn’t it interesting to think how we’re known to different people by different names? When I was a kid, from about 3rd grade to 8th grade, I was known as Jenny. That was my my nickname. In high school, my friends called me Jen. To my brothers, I’m Jenn with two n’s, by the way. Recently, a viewer asked me about prepositions that follow the passive verb «be known.» It may be surprising to see variations because when you learn to form the passive voice, you mostly practice using by-phrases to name the agent, that is, the doer of the action. For example: I was given a first name and a middle name by my parents. Who were the agents, the doer of the action? My parents. The by-phrase names them. Given by my parents. But we don’t always use «by» with passive verbs. First of all, we can omit the by-phrase when it’s not important, when it’s not necessary, or when it’s impossible to name the agent. I was given a nickname at school. It’s not really important to say who came up with the nickname. I was named after a famous actress. Isn’t it obvious who named me? My parents. The name Jennifer was created long ago. Who came up with the name? It’s practically impossible to state the agent. Second, we have stative passive verbs that often use a preposition other than «by.» Be composed of, be located in, be filled with. These are just some examples. We don’t use a by-phrase because no one and nothing is receiving an action. We’re simply describing a state. You can watch my other grammar lesson on stative passive verbs to learn more. In this video, let’s practice the different combinations with «be known.» I told you that I’m known to older viewers as JenniferESL. Why «to»? I use «to» to name who knows me. It’s like saying I’m familiar to them. I use «as» to state the name they associate with me. JenniferESL is the same channel as English with Jennifer. And I gave the example that, to some of my childhood friends, I’m still known as Jenny. So, different name, but same person. So, when do I use «by»? We can use «by» to state the means, the means by which someone is known. They can be known by another name, known by their last name, known by their first name, known by their middle name, known by their stage name — the name which they use when they perform. Do you know who Norma Jean Mortenson is? Maybe not. That’s because she’s better known as Marilyn Monroe. She’s known to pretty much everyone by her stage name, not her birth name. Some celebrities are known by their real names as well as special titles. Elvis Presley is also known as The King of Rock and Roll. Michael Jackson is known as The King of Pop. Who is known as The Queen of Pop? Madonna. Do you know Lady Gaga? Is that her real name or her stage name? Stefani Germanotta (aka Lady Gaga) is one of the most talented female artists today. «Aka» is a common abbreviation that we say and write. It stands for «also known as.» We could also say «otherwise known as.» Do you think you can identify famous people by their stage name or a pen name? A pen name is a different name, a fake name that an author uses. Here’s a 3-question quiz. We’ll start with an easy one. One. Robyn Rihanna Fenty is not known to many by her first name. Why? She goes by her middle name. Rihanna. Two. Eric Marlon Bishop, known professionally as …has enjoyed success as an actor, singer, and comedian. His talent was on full display when he played Ray Charles in the film Ray (2004). Answer: Jamie Foxx. Three. Samuel Clemens (aka …) wrote The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Answer: Mark Twain. Four. This is a bonus because it involves a fictitious character. The British spy… is otherwise known by his code name 00.7 The answer: James Bond. Mark Twain, by the way, was known for his humor. He’s one of the most famous American authors. Personally, I enjoy the work of James Thurber more. Thurber was also known for creating humor, but he saw it in funny places, like in the context of marriage. We use «known for» to name the quality, feature, or skill that makes a person or place memorable. Hawaii is known for its beautiful beaches. New England is known for its cold winters. What is your hometown known for? Tell me in the comments. Here’s a final quiz. Name the city or country based on my hint. One. This beautiful European capital is known as the City of Light. Paris, France. Two. Another European capital city is known for its canals and art, including works by Van Gogh and Rembrandt. Amsterdam in the Netherlands. Three. Visitors flock to see Machu Picchu up in the Andes, but the capital city of this country is also known for its beauty, history, and culture. Lima, Peru. Four. This island country and city-state is known for having the world’s best airport. It even has a waterfall and a butterfly garden! Singapore. By the way, there’s another variation we can consider here. We can say this island country and city-state is known to have the world’s best airport. We can use «known» + an infinitive. Do you want to quiz me and other viewers on famous people and places? Go ahead and write your own question. You have to use «known» + a preposition. That’s all for now. Please like and share the video if you found the lesson useful. Remember. You can join my channel as a member if you’d like to participate in the next monthly live stream and support my channel.

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